“Whitespace is like air: it is necessary for design to breathe.” –Wojciech Zieliński
Whitespace or empty space is an important entity in our life. Just look around you. Your living room is filled with different items. Within four walls, there would be tables, chairs, cabinets, sofas, and other items.
How are they organized in the room? Are all of them placed just side by side, or is there any space between them? If all the furniture in the room is placed side by side without any gap, how would you feel sitting in your room?
You will feel clutter around you, and this will distract you when you perform your daily routine work in the room.
This is an art to organize and décor your room using the available items by putting them at appropriate locations with reasonable space around them.
User interface design behaves similarly. The empty space between UI elements on a screen is called a whitespace. This provides an overall neat and clean look of the design, and it helps users to perform more effectively without overwhelming them with clutter on UI.
Whitespace is as much important in design as in your living room. It provides a breathing space to the user when he is using your design.
Whitespace in design helps in the following ways:
- Increased Comprehension
- Reduced Clutter
- Grouping of Related Elements
- Separation of Unrelated Elements
- Highlighting Important Elements
- Page Structure
- Enhanced User Experience
It allows users to quickly scan and read the content, thus improving comprehension. Users can quickly scan the page, understand its structure, and find important elements at first glance.
It avoids clutter in the UI. Everything is placed at its proper location and nothing is overwhelming the user.
Grouping of Related Elements
It provides an implicit way to group related elements logically by placing them in one place with clear empty space around the group.
Separation of Unrelated Elements
It helps to separate unrelated items on UI without providing explicit separators by making logical separations through reasonable spacing.
Highlighting Important Elements
It highlights important elements on screen. The user’s eye quickly catches the important action items on the screen when they are made prominent using space.
It defines the structure of the page. Users can come and quickly see what is the page layout, and where they should go to achieve the desired objective.
Enhanced User Experience
It provides an attractive and appealing user experience by creating a beautiful and easy-to-understand format.
It gives a feeling of luxury to the user as the breathing space between UI elements behaves like fresh air in life.
Usually, we neglect the importance of whitespace while designing the UI. Whitespace should be given as much importance as other visual elements on a page. It is an important decision while designing UI where and how much whitespace needs to be added between UI elements.
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